Water pollution reduces the level of oxygen in it. Water pollution is affecting marine life in many harmful and threatening ways. Various diseases like polio, cholera, patches, jaundice, fever, viral fever etc are spread through polluted water. Since water is crucial for all life on earth, a lack of pure drinking water could result in a decrease in population numbers. The consequences can be disastrous depending on the degree WATER POLLUTION Water pollution: how to protect our source of life. These are wine industry, petrochemical, skin purifier industry, paper industry, fertilizer industry, pharmaceutical industry, and sugar industry. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. Ecosystems (the interaction of living things in a place, depending on each other for life) can be severely changed or destroyed by water pollution. Did you read about the water contamination in Flint, Michigan, USA? Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well. Water makes 71% of the surface of Earth and more than 60% of human body. Excessive use of soap, soda, bleaching powder, detergent or acids at home and chemicals in the industries are primarily responsible for water pollution. Composition of nitrate resulting from fertilizer and chemicals used in agricultural lands, waste dumps or pit latrines causes contamination of the groundwater. 1. In simple terms, water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers, groundwater, or the sea. Polluted water that ends up in local streams and rivers will damage the life in and surrounding it. Effects of Water Pollution on Human Health When harmful chemicals or toxins enters the water bodies like streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, oceans, etc. _taboola.push({ Water Pollution: Effects. Due to plethora of moss in the polluted water of the rivers, the sun light fails to reach to the depths of the river which affects the growth of aquatic plants in the lack of photosynthesis. https: ... What is water Pollution and Types of Water Pollution? If today, the river Hooghly is considered among the most polluted rivers in the world, it is only due to water pollution. Water Pollution: Effects, Prevention, and Climatic Impact, Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World, Matjaž Glavan, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72018. Groundwater pollution from pesticides causes reproductive damage to the wildlife in the contaminated ecosystem. google_ad_height = 250; Most water sources close to cities and urban centres are polluted by garbage and dumping of chemicals, legally or illegally. Fish and other aquatic organisms start dying due to lack of oxygen in the polluted water. These objects (deposits, colloids, and other solutes) can be obtained from a variety of sources such as household, industry, and so on. They may use the same polluted river water for drinking or bathing or irrigation. Available from: Over 21,000 IntechOpen readers like this topic. Moreover, if water becomes a scarce resource, people are likely to fight for their share and this may even lead to serious conflicts. People can get diseases such as hepatitis by eating seafood that has been contaminated. Diseases: In humans, drinking or consuming polluted water in any way has many disastrous effects on our health. Water pollution is dangerous for all life forms in this universe. It also increases the risk of kidney diseases. 55% of over 300 freshwater species have declined because of Water pollution, while 32% of the salt water and land species have declined.In developing countries, water pollution is a leading cause of death [6] Polluted water reduces Dissolved Oxygen (DO) content, thereby, eliminates sensitive organisms like plankton, molluscs and fish etc. The contaminants turn the water into toxic, which becomes unhealthy for the … Though a major portion of the Earth’s surface as well as our body consist of water, yet we continue to pollute the different sources of water. Polluted water leads to the worst effect on human health. Water Pollution : Causes And Effects 2288 Words | 10 Pages. The use of such water also increases the risk of having children with disabilities. Contaminated water is not only unsuitable for drinking but also for agriculture purposes. It is due to water pollution, the drinking water becomes smelly and distasteful. Water Pollution effects and the ways to reduce it Also, See Video: What is water Pollution and Types of Water Pollution? It is also responsible for destroying the beauty of the lakes and rivers. To prevent the effects of water pollution, the following measures should be taken. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water and in almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations, but also to the natural communities. Those are the material that caused pollution in the water. Here are some adverse effects of water pollution. Effects of Water Pollution Pollutants in water resulting from trash, oil spills, sewage spills and run-off from agricultural fields, construction sites and factories affect native plant and animal species. If one uses this water, one can fall a victim to terrible diseases like cancer. It’s detrimental to humans, animals, as well as the environment. 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